All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) was started with the basic objective to develop and disseminate superior cultivars and production/protection technologies across maize growing regions of the country. Based on agro-climatic conditions, the country has been divided into five zones constituting of 32 centres. AICRP organizes multidisciplinary, inter-institutional systematic testing of newly developed cultivars from both private and public sectors. In addition, it also develops production and/or protection technologies for different agro-climatic zones of the country.
Zone-wise distribution of centres in AICRP
|I||Northern Hill Zones (NHZ)||Srinagar (Sri), Kangra (Kan), Bajaura (Baj), Almora (Alm), Barapani (Bar), Imphal (Imp)|
|II||North West Plain Zone (NWPZ)||Ludhiana (Lud), Karnal (Kar), Pantnagar (Pan), Delhi (Del)|
|III||North East Plain Zone (NEPZ)||Baharaich (Bah), Varanasi (Var), Dholi (Dho), Sabour (Sab), Ranchi (Ran), Kalyani (Kal), Ambikapur (Amb), Bhubneshwar (Bhu), Gossaingaon (Gos)|
|IV||Peninsular Zone (PZ)||Rahuri (Rah), Kolhapur (Kol), Karimnagar (Kar), Hyderabad (Hyd), Peddapuram (Ped), Dharwada (Dha), Mandya (Man), Coimbatore (Coi), Vagarai (Vag)|
|V||Central Western Zone (CWZ)||Udaipur (Uda), Banswara (Ban), Godhara (God), Chhindwara (Chh)|
Mandate of AICRP on Maize
- Develop superior hybrids and varieties combining high yield and acceptable quality of grain and fodder, wider adaptability and resistance to major pests, diseases and abiotic stress factors for each zone
- Evolve appropriate crop management practices and formulate efficient maize-based cropping systems for sustainable maize production in each zone
- Conduct investigations on key or potential pests and diseases of maize and identify and evolve elite sources of resistance to develop suitable integrated plant protection strategies for increasing the stability of production
- v Promote research and extension to meet local needs within each state through SAUs and other partners
Objectives of AICRP on Maize
- Execution of strategic and applied research for genetic improvement in yield, quality and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses.
- Development of varieties and hybrids with emphasis on single cross hybrids of different maturity durations to fit into kharif, rabi and spring cropping seasons and maize-based cropping systems for location-specific conditions in different parts of India.
- Development of efficient package of practices for increasing productivity
- Tailoring maize for diversified uses for industry and special purposes in other sectors such as Quality Protein Maize, Baby corn, Sweet corn, Bio-fuel, etc.
- Strategic research on post-harvest handling and value addition of maize.
- Maintenance, development and evaluation of germplasm for use in breeding.
- To organize breeder seed production programme for maize hybrids and cultivars.
- To organize on-farm research to reduce the yield gap between attainable and realized yield on farmers’ fields.