भाकृअनुप - भारतीय मक्का अनुसंधान संस्थान

ICAR - Indian Institute of Maize Research

(ISO 9001:2015 certified)

Nurturing Diversity, Resilience, Livelihood & Industrial Inputs

Dr. Bharat Bhushan

Designation: Senior Scientist (Biochemistry)

Qualification: M.Sc. in Biochemistry from CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Ph.D. in Biochemistry from CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar

Address: Room No-19,ICAR-Indian Institute of Maize Research ,PAU Campus,Ludhiana

Email: bharat.bhushan@icar.gov.in/buddingbiochemist@gmail.com

Mobile: +91 7589143453

Phone: +91 0161 2440048 (O)

Work experience:

  • Scientist (SS) from July 09, 2018 till date: ICAR-Indian Institute of Maize Research, Ludhiana (India)
  • Scientist (SS) from June 20, 2017 to July 07, 2018: ICAR-NBPGR, New Delhi
  • Scientist (SS) from Feb.10, 2015 to June 19, 2017: ICAR-CIPHET, Abohar
  • Scientist (Biochemistry) from Nov. 17, 2011 to Feb. 09, 2015: ICAR-CIPHET, Abohar
  • Scientist (Biochemistry) from June 20, 2009 to Nov.16, 2011: ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (India)
  • Scientist (Biochemistry) from Feb. 10, 2009 – June 09, 2009: ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (India)

Area of interest:

  • To do quality analyses of maize kernel.

Most significant achievements (in last five years):
Developed a methodology to control enzymatic browning

Publications (last five years):

Research papers

  • Bhushan, B., Bibwe, B., Pal, A., Mahawar, M. K., Dagla, M. C., Yathish, K. R., … & Chaudhary, D. P. (2023). FTIR spectra, antioxidant capacity and degradation kinetics of maize anthocyanin extract under variable process conditions. Applied Food Research, 3(1), 100282.
  • Bhushan B, Mahawar MK, Jalgaonkar K, Dagla MC, Kumar P, Yathish KR and Chaudhary DP (2023) Physical characterization of morphologically diverse color maize seeds. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 93:2,229-232. NAAS Score 6.37.
  • Kaur C, Singh A, Sethi M, Devi V; Chaudhary DP, Phagna RK, Singh A, Langyan S; Bhushan B Rakshit S (2022) Optimization of protein quality assay in normal, opaque-2 and quality protein maize. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. Section: Nutrition and Sustainable Diets. DOI: 10.3389/fsufs.2022.743019. NAAS 10.70
  • Singh, A., Karjagi, C., Kaur, S., Jeet, G., Bhamare, D., Gupta, S., … & Kumar, M. (2023). Characterization of phi112, a Molecular Marker Tightly Linked to the o2 Gene of Maize, and Its Utilization in Multiplex PCR for Differentiating Normal Maize from QPM. Genes, 14(2), 531. NAAS score 10.10
  • Kumar P, Longmei N, Jat BS, Choudhary M, Yathish KR, Bhushan B, Goyal M and Rakshit S (2022) Heterotic grouping based on combining ability and heterosis analysis in baby corn 82(2): 161—166. DOI: 10.31742/IJGPB.82.2.4. Indian J. Genetics & Plant Breeding. NAAS Score 7.37

Review papers

  • Bharat Bhushan, Satish Kumar, Charanjeet Kaur, Veena Devi, Dharam Paul Choudhary, Alla Singh, Manesh Chander Dagla, Chikkappa Gangadhar Karjagi, Lejaniya Abdul Kalam Saleena, Deepak Chandran and Manoj Kumar. (2024). Beyond colors: The health benefits of maize anthocyanins. Applied Food Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.afres.2024.100399.
  • Kumar, S., Bhushan, B., Wakchaure, G. C., Dutta, R., Jat, B. S., Meena, K. K., … & Pathak, H. (2023). Unveiling the Impact of Heat Stress on Seed Biochemical Composition of Major Cereal Crops: Implications for Crop Resilience and Nutritional Value. Plant Stress, 100183.
  • Devi, V., Bhushan, B., Gupta, M., Sethi, M., Kaur, C., Singh, A., … & Chaudhary, D. P. (2023). Genetic and molecular understanding for the development of methionine-rich maize: a holistic approach. Frontiers in Plant Science, 14.
  • Kumar M, Tomar M, Potkule J, Verma R, Punia S, Dhakane J, Singh S, Dhumal S, Pradhan PC, Bhushan B, Anitha T, Alajil O, Alhariri A, Amarowicz R, Kennedy JF (2022) Functional characterization of plant-based protein to determine its quality for food applications. Food Hydrocolloids. NAAS 17.5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2021.106986
  • Kumar M, Tomar M, Saurabh V, Sasi M, Punia S, Potkule J, Maheshwari C, Changan S, Radha, Bhushan B, Singh S, Anitha T, Alajil O, Satankar V, Dhumal S, Amarowicz R, Kaur C, Sharifi-Rad J, Kennedy JF (2021) Delineating the inherent functional descriptors and bio-functionalities of pectic polysaccharides. Carbohydrate Polymers. NAAS 15.38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.118319

Book Chapters

  • Bhushan, B; Pal, A; Kumar, S; Jat, BS; Dagla, MC; Kumar, P; Singh, A; Aggarwal, SK; Dharam Paul Chaudhary; DP (2023) Role of phospholipase D in abiotic stress tolerance of plants. IN: Phospholipases in physiology and pathology. V1: Biochemical Mechanisms in the Regulation of Phospholipases.  Sajal Chakraborti. CRC PRESS
  • Bhushan, B; Mahawar, MK; Jalgaonkar, K; Kumar, S; Nishani, S; Mahapatra, A; Patil, S. (2023) Engineering the nano-based packaging materials for the post-harvest storage. IN: Postharvest Nanotechnology for Fresh Horticultural Produce: Innovations and Application. (eds. Radhakrishnan E.K; Ashitha Jose; Sunil  Pareek). Chapter 9, CRC PRESS.
  • Kumar, S., Meena, K.K., Wakchure, G., Kumar, M., Bhushan, B., Rane, J., Jhadav, B., Singh, N.P. (2023) Prospecting metagenomes for alleviation of abiotic stresses: A perspective. In: Climate Resilient Agriculture for Sustainable Production. 18, Pages 269-283; Publisher Today and Tomorrow Printers and Publishers
  • Bhushan B, Jat BS, Dagla MC, Aggarwal SK, Rakshit S (2021) Anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins as anticancer agents. In: Exploitation of plant cells for production of compounds of interest. (Editor Sonia Malik), Springer Publication, Brazil. Chapter 4, Page 95-124. 10.1007/978-3-030-58271-5
  • Kumar S, Kumar M, Wakchaure GC, Bhushan B, Meena KK, Singh AK, Gurumurthy S and Rane J (2021). Microbial management of crop abiotic stresses: Current trends and prospects. IN: Microbial Management of Plant Stresses: Current Trends, Application and Challenges. Eds. Ajay Kumar and Samir Droby. Chapter 17, Page 251-260. ELSEVIER. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-85193-0.00017-6.
  • Pandey P, Pallujam AD, Leelavathi S, Mehta S, Dagla MC, Bhushan B, Aggarwal SK. (2021) Nitric oxide: a key modulator of plant responses under environmental stress. In: Plant performance under environmental stress (Ed. Husen A). (Springer, Cham). Chapter 12, Page 301-328. DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-78521-5_12.
  • Kumar S, Bhushan B*, Wakchure GC, Kumar M, Meena KK, Meena NL, Rane J (2020). Plant phenolics under water deficit conditions: Biosynthesis, accumulation and physiological roles in water stress alleviation. In: Plant Phenolics in Sustainable Agriculture (Springer) Eds. Rafiq Lone, Razia Shuab, Azra N Kamili. Chapter 19, Page 451-465. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-4890-1-19. ISBN: 978-981-15-4889-5.

 Technical Bulletins

  • Dagla MC, Kumar P, Bhushan B, Kumar R and Singh SB (2020) Maize: crop and post-harvest management during covid-19 situation. In: technical bulletin on Instituitionalising COVID period innovations in agricultural marketing. (Eds. P.C. Shekara, V.K.J. Rao, M.K. Agrawal) pp. 37-46. CCS NIAM. http://krishi.icar.gov.in/jspui/handle/123456789/44866
  • बहादुर सिंह जाट, भारत भूषण, प्रदीप कुमार, दीपमोहन महला एवं मुकेश चौधरी (2019). फॉल आर्मीवर्म (स्पोडोप्टेरा फ्रुजीपरडा) की पहचान एवं प्रबंधन (बुलेटिन का हिंदी अनुवाद)
  • मुकेश चौधरी, आला सिंह, एस. डी. बाम्बोरिया, एस. एल. जाट, जे. पी. साही, बी.एस.जाट, प्रदीप कुमार, भारत भूषण, दीपमोहन महला एवं सुजय रक्षित (2019). उत्तरप्रदेश के लिए मक्का उत्पादन तकनिकियाँ. (बुलेटिन का हिंदी अनुवाद)

Significant recognition:

  • Associate editor of Journal- Insights of Enzyme Research, Advance Research in Biochemistry and Pharmacology (ADR Journal), International Journal of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering & Biotechnology (ARSEAM Journal).
  • Scientific Journal Reviewer of Biotechnology for Biofuels (2018), Bio- Technology and Bioprocess Engineering (2019), Food BioChemistry (2018), Journal of Food Science and Technology (2018), Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine (2017), Int. J. Biol. Macromole. (2016)
  • Appreciation for (2012-2015) active participation in AICRP-APA team work at CIPHET, Abohar
  • Appreciation from IARI training (2017) coordinator for selection in best five trainees
  • Best poster award in Food and Nutrition Conclave at MPKV, Rahuri, India (2019)
  • CSIR-UGC junior and senior research fellow (2005-2008)

Project Associations:


  • Extraction, identification and stability analysis of maize anthocyanins.
  • Breeding for development of baby corn hybrids.
  • Evaluation of potential of maize in the emerging bio-based industry.
  • Genetic enhancement of maize for oil and methionine.